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Law Docs - View Constitution: Article 1, Section 2

Short Version -- This is a summary of the important issues covered in this section of the US Constitution.
  • Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms.
  • House members must be at least 25 years old.
  • They must have been citizens for at least seven years.
  • They must live in the state they represent.
  • The number of representatives for each state is based on population.
  • Each state has at least one representative.
  • Every 10 years a census must be taken to determine the U.S. population.
  • The state governor calls a special election to fill a vacant seat. The House chooses a speaker to preside.
  • The House alone brings charges of impeachment.

Long Version -- This is the text of the Actual US Constitution

The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.



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See the Bill of Rights - the first 10 Amendments to the US Constitution

See All 27 Amendments to the US Constitution

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